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Golfing Terminology brought to you by The Golf Club
Golfing Terminology starting with "P"
Pace: the speed at which a putt should be moving to
get to the hole. Pace and break are the two components of green-reading.
Pace of Play: Perhaps the most important rule within
golf etiquette, and often one of the most abused. Players are required
to complete their play in a timely fashion, including looking for lost
or missing balls (five minutes, max.) and to allow faster players to play
through to avoid holding up the game for everyone. Practice swings often
take up unnecessary time, one is enough for each stroke once the game
is underway. If you are struggling with a hole and the others in your
party have finished, pick up your ball and continue on to maintain a steady
pace of play.
Paddle Grip: A putting grip with a flat surface where
the thumbs rest.
Par: (abbreviation for "professional average result"),
standard score for a hole (defined by its length) or a course (sum of
all the holes' pars).
Par 3 Hole: A generally short hole, the objective being
to drive the ball from the tee near or onto the green and sink the ball
in the hole within two strokes or less, for a total of three or less strokes.
Par 4 Hole: A middle-length hole, the objective being
to drive the ball onto the fairway, a second shot is usually required
to get the ball near or onto the green, leaving two strokes to putt the
ball into the hole, for a total of four or less strokes.
Par 5 Hole: A long-distance hole. It is assumed that
it will take three strokes to put the ball on or near the green, leaving
two strokes to putt the ball into the hole.
PGA: any Professional Golfers' Association, especially
the Professional Golfers' Association of America.
Penalty Drop: When a ball is lost in a water hazard,
and the player takes a drop within two club-lengths of the point where
the ball crossed into the plane of the hazard.
Pendulum Stroke: In putting, a stroke that moves the
clubhead back and forth on a constant line, without deviation.
Pin-high: at the same level as (distance to) the hole.
Pistol Grip: A grip, usually on a putter, that is built
up under the left or top hand.
Pitch: a short shot (typically from within 50 yards),
usually played with a higher lofted club and made using a less than full
swing, that is intended to flight the ball towards a target (usually the
hole) with greater accuracy than a full iron shot.
Pitch mark: another term for a divot on the green caused
when a ball lands. Players must repair their pitch marks, usually with
a tee or a divot tool.
Pitching Wedge: A club with a high loft used in bunkers
and for pitch shots.
Pivot: The rotation of the body around a relatively fixed
point, usually the spine.
Plugged Lie: a bad lie (typically in a bunker) where
the ball is at least half-buried in sand. Also known as a "buried
lie" or a "fried egg".
Plumb-bob: A method many players use to help them determine
the amount a putt will break. It involves positioning yourself behind
the ball and holding the putter vertically so it covers the ball. In theory,
the shaft of the putter will indicate the amount the ball will break.
It does not, however, measure the speed of the green, which is an important
element is reading a putt.
Pop-up: a poor tee shot where the top of the clubhead
strikes under the ball, causing it to go straight up in the air. In addition
to being bad shots, pop-ups frequently leave white scuff-marks on the
top of the clubhead, or dents in persimmon clubs. Also known as "sky
Pre-shot routine: An individual player’s routine
of examining the lie, determining the target and distance, and preparing
to hit the ball.
Pro: a professional is a golfer or person who plays or
teaches golf for financial reward, may work as a touring pro in professional
competitions, or as a teaching pro (also called a club pro).
Pull: An unintentional shot that flies in a straight
line to the left (for right-handers) of the target.
Punch shot: a shot played with a very low trajectory,
usually to avoid interference from tree branches when a player is hitting
from the woods. Similar to the knock-down, it can also be used to avoid
Push: a shot played severely to the right; as opposed
to slices, which curve from left to right, a pushed shot goes directly
right. Similar to the "block". Also, term used in Match Play
where neither competitor wins the hole.
Putt: a shot played on the green, usually with a putter.
Putter: a special golf club with a very low loft that
makes the ball roll.
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