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Golfing Terminology brought to you by The Golf Club

Golfing Terminology starting with "P"

Pace: the speed at which a putt should be moving to get to the hole. Pace and break are the two components of green-reading.
Pace of Play: Perhaps the most important rule within golf etiquette, and often one of the most abused. Players are required to complete their play in a timely fashion, including looking for lost or missing balls (five minutes, max.) and to allow faster players to play through to avoid holding up the game for everyone. Practice swings often take up unnecessary time, one is enough for each stroke once the game is underway. If you are struggling with a hole and the others in your party have finished, pick up your ball and continue on to maintain a steady pace of play.
Paddle Grip: A putting grip with a flat surface where the thumbs rest.
Par: (abbreviation for "professional average result"), standard score for a hole (defined by its length) or a course (sum of all the holes' pars).
Par 3 Hole: A generally short hole, the objective being to drive the ball from the tee near or onto the green and sink the ball in the hole within two strokes or less, for a total of three or less strokes.
Par 4 Hole: A middle-length hole, the objective being to drive the ball onto the fairway, a second shot is usually required to get the ball near or onto the green, leaving two strokes to putt the ball into the hole, for a total of four or less strokes.
Par 5 Hole: A long-distance hole. It is assumed that it will take three strokes to put the ball on or near the green, leaving two strokes to putt the ball into the hole.
PGA: any Professional Golfers' Association, especially the Professional Golfers' Association of America.
Penalty Drop: When a ball is lost in a water hazard, and the player takes a drop within two club-lengths of the point where the ball crossed into the plane of the hazard.
Pendulum Stroke: In putting, a stroke that moves the clubhead back and forth on a constant line, without deviation.
Pin-high: at the same level as (distance to) the hole.
Pistol Grip: A grip, usually on a putter, that is built up under the left or top hand.
Pitch: a short shot (typically from within 50 yards), usually played with a higher lofted club and made using a less than full swing, that is intended to flight the ball towards a target (usually the hole) with greater accuracy than a full iron shot.
Pitch mark: another term for a divot on the green caused when a ball lands. Players must repair their pitch marks, usually with a tee or a divot tool.
Pitching Wedge: A club with a high loft used in bunkers and for pitch shots.
Pivot: The rotation of the body around a relatively fixed point, usually the spine.
Plugged Lie: a bad lie (typically in a bunker) where the ball is at least half-buried in sand. Also known as a "buried lie" or a "fried egg".
Plumb-bob: A method many players use to help them determine the amount a putt will break. It involves positioning yourself behind the ball and holding the putter vertically so it covers the ball. In theory, the shaft of the putter will indicate the amount the ball will break. It does not, however, measure the speed of the green, which is an important element is reading a putt.
Pop-up: a poor tee shot where the top of the clubhead strikes under the ball, causing it to go straight up in the air. In addition to being bad shots, pop-ups frequently leave white scuff-marks on the top of the clubhead, or dents in persimmon clubs. Also known as "sky shots".
Pre-shot routine: An individual player’s routine of examining the lie, determining the target and distance, and preparing to hit the ball.
Pro: a professional is a golfer or person who plays or teaches golf for financial reward, may work as a touring pro in professional competitions, or as a teaching pro (also called a club pro).
Pull: An unintentional shot that flies in a straight line to the left (for right-handers) of the target.
Punch shot: a shot played with a very low trajectory, usually to avoid interference from tree branches when a player is hitting from the woods. Similar to the knock-down, it can also be used to avoid high winds.
Push: a shot played severely to the right; as opposed to slices, which curve from left to right, a pushed shot goes directly right. Similar to the "block". Also, term used in Match Play where neither competitor wins the hole.
Putt: a shot played on the green, usually with a putter.
Putter: a special golf club with a very low loft that makes the ball roll.


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