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Golfing Terminology brought to you by The Golf Club
Golfing Terminology starting with "C"
Caddie: A person paid to carry a player's clubs and
offer advice or suffer abuse. Players are responsible for the actions
of their caddies.
Caliper: Measuring device used to accurately measure
the diameters of shaft tips and butts as well as finished grip sizes.
Calcutta: An auction in which people bid on players or
teams in a tournament.
Cambered Sole: A rounding of the sole of the club to
reduce drag. A four-way cambered sole is one that is rounded at every
edge of a wood.
Carry: How far the ball travels through the air.
Cart: 1) The four-wheeled electrical vehicle for use
in transporting players from hole to hole. 2) A hand-pulled cart for carrying
a bag of clubs, also now available in powered versions controlled by remote.
Carryover: When a hole is tied in a match and the bet
is carried over to the next hole.
Casting: An uncocking of the wrists prematurely on the
downswing, resulting in a loss of power and control. Also known as "hitting
from the top."
Casual water: Any temporary standing water visible after
a player has taken his stance. Snow and ice can also be taken as casual
water, as well as water that overflows the banks of existing water hazards.
Cavity-back: A type of iron in which a portion of the
back of the clubhead is hollowed out and the weight distributed around
the outside edges of the clubhead.
Centrifugal Force: The action in a rotating body that
tends to move mass away from the center. It is the force you feel in the
downswing that pulls the clubhead outward and downward, extending the
arms and encouraging to take a circular path.
Center of Rotation: The axis or swing center that the
body winds and unwinds around during the swing.
Chicken Wing: A swing flaw in which the lead elbow bends
at an angle pointed away from the body, usually resulting in a blocked
or pushed shot.
Chip: a short shot (typically played from very close
to and around the green), that is intended to travel through the air over
a very short distance and roll the remainder of the way to the hole.
Chip and Run: A low-running shot played around the greens
where the ball spends more time on the ground than in the air.
Choke: A derogatory term describing poor play that results
Choke Down: The act of gripping down on the shaft, which
is generally believed to provide greater control.
Chunk: a swing that results in the clubhead hitting the
ground several inches before the ball, resulting in a large "chunk"
of ground being taken as a divot. Also called a "fat" shot,
Cleek: A fairway wood with the approximate loft of a
4-wood that produces high shots that land softly.
Clone: An umbrella term for generic brand golf clubs.
Closed Face: Caused when the clubface does not strike
the ball in a neutral plane of impact, but instead strikes it at an angle,
sending the ball toward the player's front foot, to the left for right-handed
Closed Stance: When a player's front foot is closer to
the ball, used to draw the ball or to prevent a slice.
Closed-to-Open: A swing in which the clubhead is closed
on the backswing but then manipulated into an open position on the downswing.
Coefficient of Restitution: The relationship of the clubhead
speed at impact to the velocity of the ball after it has been struck.
This measure is affected by the clubhead and ball material.
Cocked Wrists: A description of the hinging motion of
the wrists during the backswing in which the hands are turned clockwise.
Ideally, the wrists are fully cocked at the beginning of the downswing.
Coil: The turning of the body during the backswing.
Come Over the Top: A motion beginning the downswing that
sends the club outside the ideal plane (swing path) and delivers the clubhead
from outside the target line at impact. This is sometimes known as an
Component: Any of the parts used to assemble golf clubs,
be they heads, shafts or grips.
Compression: A measure of the relative hardness of a
golf ball ranging from 100 (hardest) to 80 (softest).
Connection: A description of a swing in which all the
various body parts work harmoniously to produce a solid, fluid motion.
Core: (Ball): Any one of various materials used inside
the golf ball. A solid core ball utilizes a hard material inside the cover;
a wound core ball typically has softer core covered by a series of windings
and the cover.
Club: a tool for the player to hit the ball. 14 clubs
are allowed by the rules.
Clubface: The angled surface of the club head that is
used to strike the golf ball. The center of the clubface is known as the
"sweet spot." Players should strive to hit the ball with the
center of the clubface to maximize distance and accuracy.
Clubhouse: This is where play begins and ends. The clubhouse
is also your source for information about local rules, the conditions
of the course, upcoming events and other essential information for the
avid golfer. Normally, you can also purchase balls, clubs, clothes, and
other golfing equipment at the clubhouse.
Come-backer: a putt required after the previous putt
went past the hole.
Compression: The measurement for expressing the hardness
of a golf ball, normally 90 compression. Harder balls (100 compression)
can be used in windy conditions.
Condor: a four-under par shot, a hole-in-one on a par
5 . This has occurred on a hole with a heavy dogleg, hard ground, and
no trees. Might also be called "a triple eagle".
Course Management: The members of the course staff who
run and maintain the course. The term also refers to a golfers expected
behavior in helping to maintain the course in optimum condition. This
involves repairing pitch marks, replacing divots, taking care when using
the greens, raking bunkers out when finished, and so forth. It is only
as a team of committed golfers that we can maintain the course in premium
Croquet Style: A putting stance popularized by Sam Snead
in which the player stands aside the ball, facing the hole, holds the
club with a widely-split grip, and strikes the ball with a croquet-type
stroke. A similar style, in which the player faced the hole with the ball
positioned between the feet, was banned by the United States Golf Association.
Cross-handed: putting (and, occasionally, full-swing)
grip in which the hands are placed in positions opposite that of the conventional
grip. For right-handed golfers, a cross-handed grip would place the left
hand below the right. Also known as the "left-hand low" grip,
it has been known to help players combat the "yips".
Cupped Wrist: A position in which the left or top hand
is hinged outward at the top of the backswing.
Cuppy Lie: A lie when the ball is sitting down slightly,
usually in a small depression.
Cut or the cut: after the first two rounds of a tournament,
a select number of players will have earned the right to play over the
weekend for a chance to win the championship on Sunday, by having a score
at or lower than this number. The cut is calculated as the mean average?
median average? of all scores. As an example, if 5 players in a tournament
score respectively 148, 144, 142, 140, and 146, then 142 would be the
cut, and those scoring higher will watch as those who scored lower play
on through the weekend.
Cut Shot: same as a fade, a cut curves from left to right,
but is generally higher in trajectory and more controlled than a standard
fade. The "high cut" is a staple among PGA Tour players.
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